Bind rune and scribal abbreviation The origin of typographical ligatures comes from the invention of writing with a stylus on fibrous material like paper or clay.
Scribes copied text and their illuminator colleagues added color and gold leaf ornamentation to finish manuscript pages. As type evolved to moveable pieces of metal, artwork was added in the form of wooden engravings and write ampersand calligraphy as individual pieces of type figure 1.
There are many words describing these decorative elements: Today there is a nearly endless variety of them for combining with type figure 2.
With a simple keystroke these elements can add subtle and understated flair or become prominent graphic features in a design. Musicians use them to connect notes or musical phrases. A diphthong is a hard to describe sound made when pronouncing vowels. But every font with a standard Latin character set has yet another form of ligature and diphthong — what are they and how are they used correctly?
Simply put, a ligature is two or more connected letters — most commonly fi and fl. These five connected letters are included in the basic Latin1 character set. Diphthongs must be entered manually from the keyboard.
It was designed to support non-Latin fonts which require several different shapes for the same character.
Arabic, for instance, has as many as four different shapes for each letter depending on where it falls within a word figure 1.
A nice side effect of this bit of technology is that Latin fonts may now have more than one shape for each letter too. Experts believe he had around letters and ligatures connected letters in his font allowing for many possible substitutions figure 2. With the advent of OpenType, computer fonts may now contain an equally rich complement of letters.
Goudy also wrote and letcured extensively on various topics related to printing, design and typography. Originally concieved as a simple Christmas keepsake, it became a thorough investigation of the history of the symbol.
This design element is found in many fonts including some OpenType Pro fonts from various font foundries. This month we look at how to — and how not to — use swash letters in documents. Depending on the typeface design, swash forms can add a level of panache, elegance or even whimsy to a typographic layout.
Figure Styles Typographic insights from Terrance Weinzierl This month we take a closer look at what OpenType fonts have to offer the user. Application developers like Adobe and Microsoft support these added features in different ways and sometimes not at all!
The following article discusses a single set of OpenType options called figure styles and how they can be used to polish your typographic document. The OpenType font format allows four figure design styles to reside in the same font. Each style has a unique job and solves a specific typoraphic problem.
Arial versus Helvetica Every typeface, like every one of us, has its distinguishing features.Feb 28, · You can see the original tutorial of How to draw an ampersand at mtb15.com Blackletter (sometimes black letter), also known as Gothic script, Gothic minuscule, or Textura, was a script used throughout Western Europe from approximately to well into the 17th century.
It continued to be used for the Danish language until , and for German and Latvian until the 20th century. Fraktur is a notable script of this type, and sometimes the entire group of blackletter. In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined as a single mtb15.com example is the character æ as used in English, in which the letters a and e are joined.
The common ampersand (&) developed from a ligature in which the handwritten Latin letters e and t (spelling et, from the Latin for "and") were . A classic sentiment in a beautiful modern calligraphy font will lend a custom look to your mass-produced Christmas cards and projects.
Simple stamping, resist techniques, and heat embossing will all accentuate this appealing design. Blackletter (sometimes black letter), also known as Gothic script, Gothic minuscule, or Textura, was a script used throughout Western Europe from approximately to well into the 17th century.
It continued to be used for the Danish language until , and for German and Latvian until the 20th century. Fraktur is a notable script of this type, and sometimes the entire group of blackletter. This tape has a moderate to low tack adhesive that can be removed without damaging paper surfaces or leaving behind a sticky residue.
With a smooth, white surface, it's also easy to write on — great for labeling and organizing.