His Hungarian-born grandfather, Maurice Ascalon, was a sculptor, silversmith, industrial designer and inventor who founded a metal arts company in Israel in the s, manufacturing decorative liturgical objects, before moving to the United States in the s and settling near Philadelphia. Brad Ascalon credits his family with providing the model he still follows, including respect for traditional materials and product permanence, as well as handcraft skills including metal sculpting, welding, stained glass and mosaic art. I minored in music at Rutgers, with a focus on theory, and after college I worked for some of the big record labels.
History[ edit ] Hundreds of graphic designs of animals by prehistoric social groups in the Chauvet Cavelocated in the south of France, which were created earlier than 30, BCE;  similar designs in the Lascaux cave of France completed earlier than 14, BCE;  designs left by hunters in the Bhimbetka rock shelters in India before 7, BCE;  Aboriginal rock art in the Kakadu National Park of Australia;  and many other rock or cave paintings in other parts of the world show that graphic art emerged very early in the development of prehistoric human cultures worldwide.
This history — along with that of writing, which had begun at least by the late 4th millennium BCE — together constitute the foundation of graphic design.
Rock and cave art[ edit ] Drawing of horses in the Chauvet cave. Drawing of a horse in the Lascaux cave. A rock drawing in Bhimbetka India.
Trust no brother, know no friend, make no intimates. This vignette small scene that illustrates the text is Chapter for not letting Ani's heart create opposition against him in the God's Domain. Medieval religious illuminated manuscripts extensively feature graphics.
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Among these books are the Gospel books of Insular artcreated in the monasteries of the British Isles. The graphics in these books reflect the influence of the Animal style associated with the " barbarian " peoples of Northern Europe, with much use of interlace and geometric decoration.
A page from Lindisfarne Gospelsc. Its illuminations include an elaborate initial page for the Gospel of Matthew and portraits of MatthewMark and Luke. Late 8th century A graphic decoration in the Book of Kellsc.
Muslim scribes used black ink and golden paper to write and draw, using an angled alphabet called Kuffi, or Kufi. Such writings appeared in the 8th century and reached their apex in the 10th century.
Later, decorations of the margins of pages, displaying a variety of graphic techniques, were added in order to beautify the book. In the 12th century, the Naskh alphabet was invented; it featured curves instead of the angled lines of Kufi script.
Graphic art in an Egyptian Qur'an of the 9th or 10th century. An Iranian Qur'an of the 15th century found in Uzbekistan. A Qur'an featuring the Kuffi Alphabet of the 12th century.
Calligraphy[ edit ] It has been suggested that calligraphy adds a mystical dimension to a text. Such mysticism appears to be consistent with the feeling that a religious text tries to convey. Many religious texts therefore have appeared in calligraphic editions, in order to evoke a spiritual feeling in the reader.
The Japanese used calligraphy to write their haikus on decorative banners. Playing cards[ edit ] It is believed that playing cards were invented in China.
Different European countries adopted different suit systems.
For instance, some Italian, Spanish and German decks of cards even today do not have queens. Lower production costs enabled the printed playing cards' quick exportation throughout Europe. The substitution of wood-block printing and hand coloring with copper-plate engraving during the 16th century was the next significant innovation in the manufacture of playing cards.
The mass printing of playing cards was revolutionized by the introduction of color lithography in the early 19th century. Germans introduced wooden blocks printing The extinct Ancbacher Nuremberg design by F.
German single-headed Schwerterkarte playing cards, by SA File: A northern Germany suit design of playing cards by ASS.
German art nouveau playing cards printed in Attenburg, Russian playing cards with Mayan Image, s.
The Byzantine empirealthough marked by periodic revivals of a classical aesthetic of the art of the Roman empire and ancient Greek, was above all marked by the development of a new aesthetic which Josef Strzygowski viewed it as a product of "oriental" influences.Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
Get started now! This page is being built up as a selected list of links to other websites containing innovative & interesting writing, or links to this. Last completely updated, May 19, . Perfectly Pared-down, Minimalist Work in MIN: The New Simplicity in Graphic Design.
Share: Twitter Facebook Pinterest Email. S e a r c h. R e l a t e d A r t i c l e s S o m e t h i n g D i f f e r e n t. British designer Suzanne Dean felt jarringly out of place.
After studying at Kingston University, she found herself working on packaging. Graphics: Feature: Minimalist Graphic Design: 5 Traits of Successful Minimalism. A good minimalist designer understands that simplicity in the aesthetic tends to be a byproduct of simplicity in the structure.
And while not all types of websites lend themselves to this treatment (such as very complex ecommerce sites), the ones that .
Surfing is a sport that requires determination, balance, strength and endurance. At one with the elements, surfers have an almost spiritual connection with the sea, in sync with its rhythms, trusting it, placing their lives in nature’s hands. An early look at the Oscar race. This week our team breaks down what to expect next year at the Academy Awards and which movies have already started to make a splash.